Call for green prescribing to become widespread
A new report published today reveals that prescribing contact with nature for people who have low levels of mental wellbeing is excellent value for money by improving people’s health and wellbeing.
Researchers at Leeds Beckett University analysed the social value of Wildlife Trusts’ nature conservation projects which offer outdoor volunteering opportunities and programmes that support people experiencing problems such as anxiety, stress or mild depression.
The report draws on the conclusions of three years research which found that people participating in both sorts of outdoor nature conservation activities felt significantly better, both emotionally and physically, as a result. They needed, for example, fewer visits to GPs or felt more able to get back into work. (1)
The new report – Social return on investment analysis of the health and wellbeing impacts of Wildlife Trust programmes (2) – calculates the social return on investment for every £1 invested in the two types of Wildlife Trust projects and found that they are excellent value:
Dom Higgins, Nature and Wellbeing Manager, The Wildlife Trusts says: “Evidence shows that nature volunteering or taking part in a more specialised health and nature project really works. People who have low levels of wellbeing feel healthier and happier when they’re connected to wildlife and wild places.
“We want to see the concept of nature on prescription becoming a core part of the National Health Service (NHS) mental wellbeing programmes. This new report shows the enormous value of a natural health service. It’s also important to have more investment in Wildlife Trust outdoor volunteering which has been proven to improve mental, physical and social wellbeing.
“In addition, we need many more wild, natural places near to where people live and work – that way, green prescribing can be rolled-out everywhere. This would help the NHS save money – as well as help nature to recover.”
Anne-Marie Bagnall, Professor of Health & Wellbeing Evidence, Director of the Centre for Health Promotion Research, Leeds Beckett University says: “Our analysis of the impacts on people taking part in Wildlife Trusts’ nature conservation activities shows an excellent social return on investment for people with all levels of wellbeing.
“We can therefore say with confidence that, based on evidence from independent research, these programmes can be effective in both maintaining good wellbeing and tackling poor wellbeing arising from social issues such as loneliness, inactivity and poor mental health. The significant return on investment of conservation activities in nature means that they should be encouraged as part of psychological wellbeing interventions.”
Dr Amir Khan, GP and Health Ambassador for The Wildlife Trusts says: “There is a clear need to invest in nature-based services so that more people can benefit. If more people could access nature programmes I believe that we would see a knock-on effect in our GP surgeries, with fewer people attending for help with preventable or social problems arising from being cut off from others, not getting active or having a purpose.”
The Leeds Beckett University research demonstrates the value of projects such as Lancashire Wildlife Trust’s MyPlace which specialises in eco-therapy. Run in partnership with Lancashire Care NHS Foundation, it is celebrating its 1000th NHS participant with a special event on World Mental Health Day, Thursday 10th October. MyPlace works in green spaces to support young people and adults to reduce stress, anxiety and many low-level mental health conditions – thus improving health, wellbeing and fitness.
For Simon, coming to MyPlace for help with problems including depression and social anxiety was life changing. He now shares his positive experiences with others by volunteering with the project.
Simon says: “Before coming to MyPlace, I would close myself off from the world. They offered me encouragement, support and how to expand my social skills. MyPlace has made my transition back into life far easier and helped my confidence and self-esteem. I thought my life was going to go one of three ways, I was either going to end up in a hospital, in a prison cell or on a slab. I did not imagine that I would be here, being able to offer what I do today.”
Sources and research references
(1) A Natural Health Service – prescribing nature works – and is excellent value for money. A summary of research carried out by University of Essex and Leeds Beckett University for The Wildlife Trusts. Summary
(2) Social return on investment analysis of the health and wellbeing impacts of Wildlife Trust programmes, by Leeds Beckett University (The Centre for Health Promotion Research) 2019. Report
From 2015-17, researchers at the School of Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, University of Essex carried out a three-phased programme of research on behalf of The Wildlife Trusts:
In 2015, ‘Wellbeing Benefits from Natural Environments Rich in Wildlife’ (Bragg et al.) reviewed the existing literature, to investigate whether nature-rich environments had any specific impacts on people’s health and wellbeing. The researchers found that environments rich in wildlife, and increasing people’s contact with them, resulted in: Improvements to health through increased physical activity; reductions in stress and anxiety; increased positive mood and self-esteem, a better and healthier social life.
In 2016, ‘The Contribution Made by The Wildlife Trusts to the Health and Wellbeing of People (Wood et al.) collected information from projects across the Wildlife Trusts movement to document their contributions to people’s health and wellbeing. It concluded that The Wildlife Trusts provide significant and important contributions to both the promotion of good public health and to nature-based activities used to treat illnesses or as part of a programme of therapy.
In 2017, The Health and Wellbeing Impacts of Volunteering with The Wildlife Trusts (Rogerson et al.) reported on changes in 139 participants’ attitudes, behaviour and mental wellbeing over the course of 12 weeks of taking part in nature conservation volunteering activities. This evaluation reported that the mental wellbeing of more than two-thirds (69%) of all participants had improved after 6 weeks. Participants also reported significantly enhanced feelings of positivity.
More information about health and wellbeing work here. There are 46 individual Wildlife Trusts covering the whole of the UK. All are working for an environment rich in wildlife for everyone. We have more than 850,000 members, 35,000 volunteers, more than 2,300 nature reserves. Our vision is to create a Living Landscape and secure Living Seas.